Survival Part II: Temporary Emergencies

In a previous post, I talked about the different kinds of (plausible) survival scenarios that the average person might have to live through. Now I’ll start talking about how you can prepare to survive them.

Let’s Be Realistic


No joke: this is billed as a “luxury survival condo.”

Television shows about prepping divide survivalists into one of two categories:

  1. People who plan on living in an underground nuclear fallout shelter stocked with enough supplies to operate as a Super Wal-Mart; and
  2. People who plan to disappear into the wilderness and live like Pa and Ma Ingalls in Little House in the Big Woods.

If you are an average sort of person, you look at those two things and think, “I can’t do either of those.” Your bank account won’t support the first and your skill set and/or location relative to the nearest wilderness won’t support the second. So you think you can do nothing to be prepared, so you don’t prepare.

But the people on those shows are the one-percenters of preppers. Most people who want to be prepared don’t have wads of cash and a secret hideout in the mountains.

The idea of being prepared for “what-if” can be very daunting. There are so many possible what-if scenarios (and plenty of people who are convinced that they know which one will happen) that preparing for all of them (or worrying that you will prepare for the wrong one) becomes overwhelming, so people don’t even try. (This is known as “overchoice.”)

People can come up with some pretty bizarre ideas about what the future apocalypse (aka a SHTF–Shit Hits the Fan–scenario). They read like the most severe part of the Yom Kippur service:

On Rosh Hashanah will be inscribed and on Yom Kippur will be sealed – how many will pass from the earth and how many will be created; who will live and who will die; who will die at his predestined time and who before his time; who will die by nuclear explosion and who by radioactive fallout; who will die by foreign war and who by domestic war; who will die by escaped CDC diseases and who by genetic manipulation gone wrong; who will die by genetically-modified f0ods and who by famine caused by radical climate change; who will die by power outage and who by lack of fresh water; who will die by zombie and who by vampire . . .

And so on.e9a42464c14573fd513bce3883aa4c2d

No one can be 100% prepared for every possible scenario because no one even knows what all the possible scenarios are, much less has the money to buy all the supplies and time to learn all the needed skills. And just when you think you have all your bases covered, some dragon will come along, burning up every town in his wake and you’ll be, “Crap! I didn’t plan on dragons! Quick! Bury the gold bullion!”

To keep from getting overwhelmed, prepare for the things that seem most likely to happen to you first, then add additional stuff as necessary to broaden your coping ability. That means that not everyone will prepare for the same survival situations. For instance, where we live, we don’t have to worry about rioting and looting. But if you live in a city–especially one that’s had that problem lately–preparing for a riot is something that should be high on your priority list. If you live in Wyoming, preparing for the upcoming winter should be high on your priority; people living in southern Arizona probably don’t have to be as concerned about bad weather. People in New York City should consider what they will do if there’s another large terrorist attack; people in California should be prepared for an earthquake. If you work in a volatile industry like construction, a layoff will probably be your most immediate concern.

You get the picture.

Temporary scenarios are the ones you are most likely to experience in your lifetime. They’re also the easiest to prepare for and survive. So once you identify the temporary (or even short-term) situation you are most likely to encounter, prepare for it.

Survival Bags

All temporary survival situations have one thing in common: you need a limited amount of stuff to survive and it needs to be portable. A survival bag (aka a “bug out” bag) will stand you in good stead in almost any temporary survival situation. And they are pretty cheap and easy to put together.


This transformer backpack turns into a small pop-up camper, complete with chemical potty and shower. Also perfect for carrying dead bodies into the woods for unmarked burials.

Don’t be fooled into thinking that you need to spend huge amounts of money buying a special survival tactical bag that has a fold-out kitchen and doubles as a claymore. Any bag is better than no bag at all. So if all you have is a large gym bag, sports equipment bag, or standard backpack, that’s fine.

My survival bag is my L.L. Bean backpack that I’ve had since high school. (I swore to my mother that if she bought it for me, I would never ask for or need another backpack. That was 22 years and it’s still in good shape.) I think a backpack is the most useful kind of bag because it’s easier to carry and leaves your hands and arms freer than other types of bags, but like I said, any bag is better than none at all. Use what you have or search yard sales, flea markets, or thrift stores for something cheap.

You need to know when you’ll need your survival bag to gauge what you need to put into it. Reasons why you might grab your survival bag include:


The 2010 traffic jam on China’s Highway 110 left people stranded in their cars for up to 5 days. The jam lasted a total of 10 days;

  • Getting stuck in your car due to bad weather, rioting, breakdown/ accident, or a Chinese traffic jam
  • Abandoning your stranded car in search of help or safety;
  • Evacuating your home, work, or school before or after a terrorist attack, natural disaster, riots, etc.;
  • Being stuck at work, school, in a hotel, etc.

In short, survival bags are for when you need to unexpectedly survive away from home.

Here’s what I think will cover your most basic needs in all those situations and will fit in a decent-sized backpack (in no particular order of importance); add additional items you think necessary for your most-likely scenario(s):

  • 3 changes of underwear (including socks)

No matter where you go, you’re going to want some clean underwear and clean, dry socks. If you get stuck somewhere for longer than three days, you can wash your things with handsoap, if necessary.

Cost: $0 if you pack old underwear or ugly socks that you were going to get rid of anyway.

  • 1 change of clothing (optional); should include durable pants, like jeans, and a dark, nondescript shirt

If you are short on bag space, this is the thing to leave out. But if you can, put it in, especially if you tend to wear dressy clothes. Hiking across country in bad weather is a lot more comfortable in jeans and a t-shirt than in a pencil skirt or two-piece suit. if you have the space, give yourself a t-shirt and a sweatshirt/hoodie both so you are prepared for winter and summer both. If you can only have one clothing item, choose the pants; whatever top you have on at the time is likely to suffice and pants can be worn under a dress, if necessary.

Why a dark, nondescript shirt? If you are trying to escape a riot or other dangerous situation, it’s best not to stand out; you don’t want to attract attention or be memorable in any way. Dark clothes also make it easier for you to hide in the dark, if necessary.

Cost: $0 if you use some old clothes you already have.

  • Walking shoes (optional)

You will want these if you normally wear dressy shoes that you can’t walk in very far. Pack an older pair of tennis shoes or hiking boots that still have some mileage on them but are thoroughly broken-in.

Cost: $0 if you pack (and you should) an older pair of shoes that you were going to replace anyway.

  • Toboggan and gloves

Finally, a use for that hat/glove gift set that you always get for Christmas!

Finally, a use for that hat/glove gift set that you always get for Christmas!

Even if you normally carry gloves and a hat on your person in the winter, you may get stuck somewhere in the fall or spring when you don’t have your winter gear and it gets cold at night. But even in the winter it may get so cold, you want to pull on an extra set of gloves and another toboggan. Or your primary set may get wet and you need a dry set. Keeping your hands, head, and feet warm and dry are of primary importance in a winter survival situation.

If you live in a very cold area or think you might end up living outside for several days, also include some chemical handwarmers that you can use in your pockets/mittens or inside your shoes.

Cost: $0-$10 for the gloves and toboggan, depending on if you already have them or not. (Dollar Tree often has gloves and toboggans both in the winter which will set you back a whole $2.) Handwarmers cost anywhere from 50 cents to closer to a dollar each, depending on where you buy them and if you get them in bulk.

  • 3 days’ worth of your medications

All the supplies and skills in the world aren’t going to help you if you if you get to shelter and find out that you don’t have your rescue inhaler, insulin, or other necessary medication. Make sure you have some spare medicine in your bag (and if you’re going to keep your bag in your car, make sure the medicine can take the fluctuating temps). If you normally take medicine that requires refrigeration, ask your doctor if there is an alternative that will work in case refrigeration is not available; pack some and keep some at home for emergencies.

Note: If you take pain pills of any kind, make sure you keep them in an original prescription bottle; drug task forces are touchy about people who appear to be buying or selling prescription pain meds.

Cost: $0 since you’re using medicine you would be taking already.

  • 3 days’ worth of food


A military P-38 can opener isn’t fun to use, but it is small enough to carry on a key ring and weighs almost nothing.

MREs work well in a survival bag because they’re everything you need for a decent dinner in one packet and they’ll withstand the temperature fluctuations in your car. Other things that work in lieu of MREs or as a supplement to them include nuts and seeds, dehydrated fruit or fruit leathers, jerky, any sort of granola or protein bar that won’t melt, or a powdered meal replacement drink like Ensure or even Carnation Instant Breakfast. Food you can eat right out of a can without heating, like canned meat, vienna sausages, Spam, chili, fruit in syrup, etc. are heavier to carry, but they work just as well. (Don’t forget a can opener!)

Note: Having some canned food in your bag, while heavy, its actually not a bad idea. Most canned foods are packed in water, which you can drink both to satisfy thirst and to get a little extra nutrition. Cans stripped of their labels can also be put in a fire and used as a little cookpot and once empty, they can also double as a water cup.

Cost: If you buy in bulk and patiently hunt, you can get MREs (or a civilian equivalent) for $2-$5 per serving. Jerky can be expensive, but you can always wait until beef goes on sale and make your own at home to save money. The other snacks can generally be acquired for about $1 each at Dollar Tree or Wal-Mart. You should plan on spending $30-$50 on your food.

  • Basic first-aid equipment like bandaids, aspirin/ibuprofen, neosporin, etc.

Bandaids for your blisters and ibuprofen for your headache. Need I say more?

Cost: $0-$5. You probably already have what you need, but if you don’t, you can pick up some first aid supplies cheaply at Wal-Mart or Dollar Tree. If you want a serious First Aid kit, you can get those for $25-$30.

  • A quality pocketknife or Leatherman/multi-tool

m_21561It’s defensive. It’s offensive. It makes julienne fries. There’s no reason not to carry a knife in your bag.

Note: Some states (*coughCaliforniacough*) are particular about knives. Make sure yours doesn’t exceed length restrictions, doesn’t constitute a switch blade, etc. If you buy a knife from a reputable store in your state, it’s sure to be legal (at least for now). You’re probably also safe with a classic Swiss Army knife. While knockoffs may not have the quality of the original, it may be all your budget can afford and some knife is better than no knife at all. If you don’t try to do anything crazy like cut down small trees with it, it ought to work okay.

Cost: I picked up a Swiss Army knockoff for $2 at a yard sale just a few weekends ago. We also have a knife outlet in town where we can get decent one-blade pocket knives for about $7. Generic Leatherman tools can be had around $20; the real deal is $35 and up.

  • A compass (if you know how to use one) and a local map

Buy a local map and use a colored highlighter to trace your normal routes from home to work to kids’ school, etc. Then use different colors to highlight alternate routes. The fastest route home, for instance, may not be the shortest or take you through the safest areas if you are having to traverse it on foot. How will you travel if all the interstates are blocked? How can you avoid downtown or other places that are most likely to be the scene of a terror attack or riot? If you want to get out of the city, which direction do you need to go? You may have to double-back in order to get around problem areas or drive outside the city and go all the way around it to get to the road you want. Make sure you give yourself several options depending on if you plan on getting home or getting out of the city, whether you need to pick up your kids from school or is a weekend when everyone’s home, etc.

It’s fastest to use Google maps to trace fast/short routes, but make sure you highlight the route(s) you want on your paper map. You never know when your phone might stop working or it gets stolen from you. (A paper map isn’t likely to be stolen unless your whole bag is taken.)

Once you have some routes planned, drive them to familiarize yourself with them. When you’re in an emergency, you’re not going to have a lot of time to slow down and read street signs or consult your map frequently; it’s better to be able to say, “Ah, this intersection is familiar; I turn right here.”

And, to be on the safe side, fold your map so that you can see as much of your routes as possible and stick it in a plastic Ziplock freezer bag. This will keep it dry in case you need to pull it out in the rain.

Cost: $7-$20, depending on the quality of your map and compass.

  • Two sources of fire (e.g. lighter and matches)

Because you never know when you’ll need to build a fire to stay warm, cook food, or signal for help. Also keep your fire-making tools in a Ziplock bag to protect them from moisture.

Why two sources of fire? Watch any movie: the first one you try never works.

Cost: $0-$5 depending on if you already have lighters and matches or not.

  • Water

This is trickiest thing to pack because of the weight, the bulk, and the fact that if you leave it in your car, it will freeze and burst. A general rule of thumb is one gallon of water per person per day, but no one is going to carry that much with them at once. Unless you live in a desert region where open water is nearly impossible to find, you can probably get away with a little bit of bottled water (make sure to pour off 1/4th of it before leaving it in your car to freeze), one or more empty containers to put found water in (in a pinch, those Ziplock bags you have other things stored in can become water containers) and a Life Straw or iodine tablets to purify the water.

Cost: $10-$15 for a purification device/tablets, about $15 if you buy a collapsible water container, plus a few bucks for some bottled water to have on hand.

  • Hand sanitizer and toilet paper

Hand sanitizer not only cleans your hands (important to do before eating, when you come into contact with contaminated water or materials, or before tending a wound), but in a pinch it can sanitize a wound (although it won’t be pleasant!) and can be used to sterilize hard objects, like a knife. And it can also be used as a fire starter because it’s almost pure alcohol.

Toilet paper: because leaves are highly overrated. You don’t need to carry an entire roll, though; that’s too bulky. Just unroll a wad and stick it in a Ziplock baggie. You can not only use it for your backside, but also as a napkin, tissue, or as a bandage. (Use it to stop minor blood flow or you can cover a wound with a folded section of it and tape it down with duct tape in lieu of a bandaid.)

Cost: $0-$2. (Hand sanitizer and cheap toilet paper both can be picked up at a Dollar Tree.)

  • Rope and tape and wire


To survive any horror movie, you need the following survival items in your trunk: lots of rope, a gasoline tank, a 2-liter bottle of Coca-Cola, a red toolbox, “Chemistry 101” by Bernard Garnell (super important if you need to make your own gunpowder), a hand saw, “Steam Power,” a Fangoria magazine, shotgun shells, and “Dark Horse Presents Fifth Anniversary Special”

Cheap cotton clothesline rope can be picked up for a dollar or two and can be used for all sorts of things: a dog leash, tying members of your party together for safety, a clothesline (oddly enough), putting up an impromptu tent, emergency shoelaces or belt, etc.

Duct tape or electrical tape also has its uses, including: taping up tears in equipment, emergency bandage, sealing cracks around windows and doors, keeping things held together (think a car window that won’t stay up, a sole that’s coming off a shoe, blackout curtains that are gaping).

20 gauge baling wire can be used in lieu of rope in most cases, but it is best used when heat or fire might be an issue. It’s good for emergency car repairs, snaring animals, trip wires, and other MacGyver-esque stuff. If space and weight is an issue with your bag, you can leave the wire in your car roadside emergency kit, since that’s where you are most likely to need it. (Wiring a muffler or bumper on is not unheard of in my neck of the woods.)

You may also want to get heavier nylon rope and leave it in your car. My husband has actually used it to pull out a stuck vehicle before (run it between the two vehicles at least 4 times to make it strong enough). It can be used for climbing/repelling or tying a load onto your truck or roof rack.

Cost: You can get one of everything for $5-$7; add about $12 if you also want heavy-duty rope.

  • 1-2 space blankets and/or a small tarp or sheet plastic

Space blankets are cheap, easy to find (Wal-Mart carries them in their sporting goods section), and absolutely life-saving; there’s no reason why you shouldn’t own two. If you are camping outside, you can lay on one and wrap yourself in the second and be nice and warm even when it’s terribly cold. You can use one as a tent; silver side up will reflect the sun away from you; silver side down will help keep your body heat in the tent. You can hang one up behind a fire or wood-burning stove to reflect more of the heat onto you. You can stuff one in your coat or cut it into pieces and line the insides of your shoes, hat, or mittens to keep you warmer. You can cut one up like a poncho to keep a cold rain off you and keep your body warm. Truly, there is no reason not to have a couple of these life-saving devices.

A piece of plastic or tarp makes a more durable tent than the space blanket alone (although you can line the inside of your tent with the space blanket and trap your body heat). You can also use it to protect yourself from wet ground. It can cover a hole in a larger shelter (think tarps on roofs after a hurricane or tornado, or covering a broken window or missing door). You can also put heavy things on it–like an injured person or found supplies–and drag them with you.

Cost: $3-$7 per space blanket, depending on size; about $5 for a small tarp.

  • Plastic utensils (optional)

You will probably appreciate not having to eat your food with your fingers. The handles of plastic cutlery can also double as splints for broken fingers.

Cost: $0. Just recycle some takeout plasticwear.

Total Cost

Assuming you have about half of this stuff at home already, you can pack a decent survival bag for about $60. If that seems high, consider it will contain enough food to feed you three meals for three days, so instead of looking at it as $60 sitting idly in the truck of your car, think of it as buying 9 meals in advance. If the time ever comes when you need your supplies, you will think it money very well spent.

But even if you have $0 to spend on your bag, at least pack it with what you can spare out of your current supplies; limited supplies will always be better than none at all. But even the tightest budget can generally find room for the purchase of an extra can of Spam or vienna sausages each trip to the grocery store. Add your spare can to your bag and you’ll be that much closer to surviving away from home.

How to Use Your Survival Bag

As you may have noticed, I mention keeping your survival bag in your car. That’s generally the best place to keep one, since it’s handy in just about every situation. If you are stuck at home, you can get it out of the car. If you’re stuck at work or school, you can go out to the parking lot and get it. If you are stuck in your car or find yourself stuck in a motel room, it will be there. If you need to move away from your car, you can grab it and go.

The exception to this might be in a riot situation where you are unsure if you are going to flee by foot or by car. In that case, it’s better to keep your bag by your bed or door. If you feel the need to flee, you can grab it and either head for your car or slip out a back door or window and cut across country.

If you don’t have a car, you may want to have two bags: one at home and one at work. That way, if you are at either place when trouble strikes and you need to get out, you will be ready to strap on your bag and move.

Packing for Two (or More)

What if you have a family to think about? Then each family member should have their own bag. Each adult should have a full compliment of gear in case you are stranded separately, but children only need to carry their own food, water, and spare clothing. (This should fit into a backpack small enough for them to manage.)

Pets, too, need a survival bag (although this can be pretty small.) Make sure you have three days’ worth of their food, a couple of collapsible dishes for their food and water, a spare leash, a toy, and any meds they take. Dogs can tolerate drinking pretty icky water, so you don’t have to pack spare water for them, but you will need one bottle per cat. Also make sure you have carriers for your cats in the event you need to evacuate your home. Cheap options that take up almost no space include a cardboard carrier box from your vet’s office or a collapsible soft-side carrier (I got ours at Dollar General). These will run you $5-$15 each.

If you have a disabled family member, take the time to think about what it would take for you to get that person into a car and evacuated on short-notice. What equipment do you need? Is there any way to get spares of at least some of it and have it in your garage, ready to be loaded? At the very least, make a list of everything that needs to be packed in case of an emergency and tape it to the back of the person’s bedroom door. That way, when you’re in a hurry and panic, you won’t have to worry about forgetting something. (It also allows others to help you pack.)

Temporary Survival Skills

I’ve covered what supplies you need to survive a temporary emergency. Now, what skills do you need?

  • Be able to build a fire

aid10590-728px-build-a-fire-step-6bullet1Can you build a fire if it doesn’t involve charcoal and a lot of lighter fluid? Using a lighter to burn up a piece of paper also doesn’t prove you can build a fire. Imagine you are in the woods and you have some sticks and some matches. What do you do? You can’t just put a stick to the lighter like a piece of paper and expect it to catch. Worse, what if it’s been raining and everything is wet?

It’s best if you practice building a fire before you need it, but even if you live in a city and don’t have the ability to start a real fire, at least study the technique. Knowing, at least theoretically, how to do something is better than being completely clueless. There are plenty of YouTube videos on making a basic fire, like this one, Never Fail Camp Fire Building, and this one on building a fire when all of your materials are wet: Starting a Fire with Everything All Wet Materials.

Think you won’t need a fire? Fires not only keep you warm when it’s cold, they can dry out things that are wet (like your clothes), signal your location to rescuers, cook/heat your food, ward off wild animals, provide light, and sterilize water. You never know when you will need one of those things

  • Be able to build shelter

I was reading a blog post last week about a local man and his two young sons who had died from exposure while out hiking. They had left their lodge when the weather was dry and rather warm. But apparently they got turned around and couldn’t find the trail that went back to their camp. Rain moved in in the afternoon and then the temperature dropped sharply. By the time they were found the next day, they had all died of hypothermia.

imagesIf they had just stopped walking before the rain came and built themselves a shelter–even if it had just been a really big pile of leaves that they burrowed into–they would have stayed dry enough and warm enough to last the night and could have been rescued the next day.

As you probably learned in high school biology class, humans are warm-blooded; our bodies need to maintain a certain temperature in order to function. Hypothermia is when your body temperature falls too low and it starts to affect the function of your organs. Your brain is the first to be affected. When it’s too cold, you grow weak, sluggish, and your ability to think is impaired. (It’s not unlike being drunk.) In more advanced stages, you can become delirious to the point that you leave shelter to stand out in the elements and may even remove your protective clothing. (This is not an uncommon phenomenon.) So hypothermia is nothing to sneeze at. And if you are exhausted, wet, and the wind is blowing, you can get hypothermia when the air temperature is as high as 55 degrees Fahrenheit. So don’t think that it’s only something that happens when the temps are at or below freezing. When it’s cool, wetness is your enemy. That’s why it’s important to build a shelter and wait out the rain. Even if you’re already wet, a shelter will allow you to dry out and your body temperature will be able to at least stabilize, if not warm a little bit.

Here is a list of basic shelters: How to Build a Survival Shelter. If you need to learn how to build any of these, there are ample YouTube videos to show you how. If you live somewhere that receives a lot of snow, also look up how to build a Quintze Hut (a type of igloo).

  •  Know how to escape a mob.

While it can be easy to say, “If someone blocks my car, I’ll run them over; if they block me, I’ll shoot them,” in reality, an angry mob is more powerful than either your gun or your car. If you doubt that, just watch Black Hawk Down. A mob of angry people were way more powerful than well-equipped U.S. troops.

There are plenty of websites that talk about how to survive a riot whether you’re on foot or in a car or are hiding. This article briefly covers most of the situations: How to Survive a Riot,

  • Have an evacuation plan

This goes hand-in-hand with having a map with alternate routes planned. Getting out of town is good, but once there, where are you going to rendezvous with other family members and where are you going to stay the night?

Have a list of places where you will go, depending on how far you need to (or can) go. That may mean going to a friend’s house on the other side of town, or a hotel just outside of town, or to a family member’s house 100 miles away. (But make sure you have the permission of your friends and family to come stay with them for a few nights if there’s an emergency before you put them on your evacuation plan!)

Once you have several places lined up, make sure that your other family members know the plan in case they are separated from you. If they can’t contact you and can’t get home, they are to go to the first stop on your list. If they can’t get there, then they will move on to the next one. This allows everyone to evacuate swiftly, without trying to first go home or wasting precious time waiting meet up with others, while making it easier for everyone to find one another because there are a limited number of places to look. (These locations also give you a place where you can leave a note to let others know that you are okay and are moving out to the next point.)

Don’t Repeat History


Katrina survivors in Houston, TX trying to locate missing family and friends.

If you still think this prepping business sounds a little crazy, remember the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and the Superdome fiasco. People ended up in the Superdome because they didn’t know where else to go–and they got there with little to no supplies. It was several days before the government could get in and evacuate them to proper shelters. And it took many of them days and even weeks to track down friends and family members because they ended up scattered all over the place.

The farther you can get away from a disaster on your own and the longer you can take care of yourself, the better off you will be.

Up next: Survival, Part III: Short Term Situations

Survival, Part I: Are You Prepared?

A few months ago, I posted about the usefulness of Microsoft’s OneNote program for organizing a large amount of information, notes, files, etc. I have an ebook at work that I use to share different kinds of files with everyone in my company. I also have a personal ebook that I’m just getting started which will contain my medieval research.

Then there’s my mega ebook which I call “The Survival Binder.” The purpose of it is to organize all the tidbits of info I find on survival and homesteading in one location, which I can then print and keep a backup paper copy of.

Are You One of Those Prepper Nut-Jobs?


Crazy Dave said there would be zombies!

Despite the fact that “preppers” and “survivalists” have become a little less-maligned in the last few years, most people still look at such people with a certain amount of bewilderment and downright disdain. And, you know, there really are some weird people out there with weird ideas. It’s hard to take anyone seriously who is screaming about how the zombies are going to eat everyone’s brains. Methinks someone’s brain has already been consumed.


No hablo ingles, Senor Grasshopper.

Unfortunately, people dismiss the whole idea of preparedness just because there are some people who take it to crazy extremes. If you throw away the zombie nonsense, though, you’ll find it’s very sensible. (And I think you will find most “preppers” are sensible people; you probably know some but don’t know you know them because the first rule of prepper club is that you don’t talk about prepping. Also, you never see sensible preppers on TV because sensible makes for boring TV.)

Survival Scenarios

It seems to me that all survival scenarios can be broken down into three different types. While the survival requirements of each have some things in common, each also requires some distinct skills and resources.


A temporary survival situation lasts hours up to 3 days.


These situations last from 3 days up to a month.


These situations last longer than one month.


Okay, so what do these types of survival situations look like (minus crazy things like zombie attacks or low-probability things like a high altitude nuclear detonation EMP)?


  • Rioting/ Looting
  • Terrorist Attack
  • Bad Weather
  • Utility Outage
  • Car Breakdown
  • Lost

There have been numerous examples just this year of rioting and looting and mass demonstrations that have trapped people either within the riot zone (e.g. people trapped in their cars when the road is blocked) or have left them either unable or unwilling to go home.

I was right here in Chattanooga, not 5 miles away, when a terrorist shot and killed 5 of our Armed Forces members. That’s considered a rather low-level terrorist attack compared to some. Parts of Boston were on lockdown following the Boston Marathon bombing while the police searched for the bombers. Terrorist attacks can happen anywhere and depending on the target, the severity, and police response, you may find yourself trapped at work or school, or unable to leave your house for hours or even days.


This is all true. We had almost no warning about the snow or how bad it would be, and since it was already spring, many people were not prepared.

Here in Tennessee we still talk about “The Blizzard of ’93.” In the middle of March, just a couple of days after having a high of nearly 80 degrees, we got a foot of snow overnight. (In the mountain areas, it was 2′-3′.) My parents and great-aunt and -uncle were trapped in the Smokey Mountains at a rental house with little food and no utilities (including no water) and no way to get out. I was staying with my grandmother and dad and we had water but no electricity or phone (this was before cell phones). The interstates were shut down for a day or two. Secondary roads were unusable for longer than that. We were without utilities for 3 full days. When my parents got out of the mountains after 4 days, there was still no utility service. In some communities around Gatlinburg, it took 1-2 weeks to get power restored.

But even though that was a once-in-100-years snow for us, bad weather (and the utility outages that tend to go with them) happens all over the country all the time. Think about people in Florida after Hurricane Andrew, New Orleans after Katrina, and the Northeast after Superstorm Sandy. You usually get a little warning before a weather disaster, but if you and a million other people are all at Wal-Mart at the same time, what supplies do you think will be left? Here in the South, we call that the milk-and-bread run. Whenever snow is even mentioned as a slight possibility, all the milk and bread get bought up very quickly. (We like our milk sandwiches down here.) So how much larger will the run on supplies be if the weather forecast is much more ominous?


The 2003 Northeast Blackout left people hoofing it in places like New York City. Luckily, it was well-tolerated. A blackout in NYC in 1977, however, was met with rioting and arson.

But utility outages aren’t only limited to bad weather. There have been several blackouts in major cities over the years. Recently, there was the water crisis in Flint, Michigan. These sorts of outages give you no warning and can happen at any time of the year.

Thanks to cell phones, most car breakdowns are an inconvenience and annoyance, but nothing more major. However, there are still times (such as during very bad weather) when you may find yourself broken down or stuck in a ditch and there’s little or no chance to get help any time soon. If it’s summer and the heat is intense and you have no water, this can become problematic after a few hours. If it’s winter, though, and temps are below freezing, it can become a problem in a much shorter period of time.

A broken-down car often leads to the final scenario on my list: getting lost. Most people think that getting lost is something that only happens to people who go hiking, but plenty of people get lost when they abandon their car and try to find help. Doing this in the dark or during bad weather or leaving the road for a “shortcut” across country all greatly raise the possibility that you will get lost. And while cars make pretty poor shelters because they have almost no insulation value and no way to produce heat if the motor isn’t on, being in one is still better than being exposed to the elements, especially if it’s raining or snowing (being wet increases your chances of hypothermia drastically; you can even get hypothermia when it’s not below freezing if you stay wet) or there is a bitterly cold wind.

So, temporary survival situations crop up all the time. In your lifetime, you have a high probability of being affected by at least one of these scenarios; maybe, like me, you’ve already lived through one or two. Being prepared to ride out a temporary survival situation–whether that’s at home, at your job, or in your car–is just smart. While there’s a low probability of death in most temporary survival situations–meaning you’re not likely to die if you are trapped in your house with no heat and no food for three days–being prepared means the difference between you (and your family) being miserable and scared and treating the situation with mild annoyance or even amusement.

My family, for instance, weathered the blizzard quite well because my grandmother had a wood burning stove. So while the house wasn’t heated evenly, every room stayed a tolerable temperature and the living room was quite toasty warm. My grandmother–having grown up cooking on a wood burning stove–was able to cook all of our food on it, so we didn’t go hungry (even if we were a bit short on our normal snacking supplies). She even had an oil lamp, which we used in the evenings. Many puzzles were worked and many crafts were made over those three days. I think I got all of my spring break reading done, too. So, overall, a bit annoying, but no big deal. Now imagine you have no heat, no light source, and only some cans of cold vegetables to eat. You’ll survive, but certainly not in the relative level of comfort we enjoyed.


  • Continuing rioting
  • Major bad weather/utility outage
  • Temporary disability
  • Money shortage

While most rioting is temporary, there are cases where it can go on for many days–to the point that the National Guard is called in and curfews or even lockdowns are put into place. The Rodney King riots in L.A. in 1992, for instance, lasted 6 days and required not only the National Guard, but also the Army and the Marines to intervene to restore order. 55 people were killed as a result and over 2,000 people were injured.


2009 ice storm in Kentucky.

Large weather events, like hurricanes, can cause much more a few days’ worth of headaches. After a hurricane or even a devastating tornado, people might find themselves living in a tent or camper for weeks while they wait for their house to be repaired. Utilities might be off for a week or more, or water contaminated for several weeks. There’s also the possibility that back-to-back storms, like the ice storms that hit Kentucky a few years ago, can keep people bottled up at home and utilities off for weeks. Or, in the case of some friends of ours who lived through that, they got to enjoy having power and getting out of the house for 1-3 days before another ice storm tore down their lines and iced up their roads for several more days.

But disasters aren’t only the widespread kind caused by weather or people. Sometimes a survival situation strikes only your household. A family member of mine recently had to go on disability. Although she had short-term disability insurance, the insurance company was reluctant to pay her what she was due. (My husband had a similar situation come up when he was out of work for a couple of weeks and his insurance made him jump through a lot of hoops and ended up not paying him.) Her long-term disability kicked in before her short-term insurance ever paid out. Arguing with the insurance company became a daily chore. It also meant she was without any income for a few months.

If you found yourself unable to work for a couple of weeks or more, how would you get by? What if your backup plan, like insurance, doesn’t pay out as expected or when expected? What if your bank account gets hacked and all of your money is taken and it takes more than a week to straighten out? Or imagine that you have an unexpected emergency, such as a major car repair, that leaves you strapped for cash. Maybe you can afford the repair and still afford your rent/mortgage, but what if you have little money left over for things like utilities and food? What if your power gets shut off and you can’t afford to have it turned back on until next paycheck? Or what if you can’t immediately pay for your emergency and you need to cut corners for a few months to save up the money to cover it?

Being strapped for cash can create a survival situation that almost exactly resembles those caused by weather or power outages. (The only difference being that you can contact other people for help, such as family members, a loan company, or a charity like a church or food bank. But depending on your situation, you may not have access to (or want to ask for) help.)


  • Long-term or permanent disability or unplanned early retirement
  • Job loss, business failure, or death
  • Major economic downturn or collapse
  • Major civil unrest or war
  • Catastrophic failure of utilities (esp. power grid)
  • Government overthrow

You can also think of long-term survival situations as “the new normal.” This is when there is little to no hope that life will go back to the way it was before the disaster, so you have to learn to live in your reduced circumstances.

Most preppers/survivalists (certainly the ones you see on TV) spend most or all of their time preparing for long-term survival situations. While you’re more likely to experience a temporary or short-term survival situation, if you’re prepared for the long-haul, you will generally have the skills and supplies you need to manage most shorter crises.

As I have already mentioned, an unexpected disability can leave you cash-strapped for the short-term, but if it turns into a long-term or permanent disability, being poorer will become your new normal. You will get hit with the double whammy of increased expenses for doctors, medicines, and special equipment plus a reduced income.

Job loss–especially in an economic downturn–can also create a survival situation. Even if you qualify for unemployment insurance, it, like disability insurance, only provides you with a portion of your regular take-home pay, which can leave you short. If you don’t qualify or it runs out before you’ve found a job, you will have no money at all. Even a temporary job will probably leave you no better off than you were on UI, meaning you will still be short money. If you are self-employed, a failure of your business is the same as losing your job. Or your spouse may die unexpectedly, leaving your household short an income (maybe even short its primary income).

ap100916053695-croppedEveryone reading this blog right now lived through the Great Recession (maybe we’re still living in it; certainly we seem to be living in a Great Stagnation). I was one of millions of people who lost their jobs in 2008. It took me two years to find another job and it was for greatly reduced pay and no benefits. At one point both I and my husband were unemployed and while we had a surprisingly good time hanging out with one another all day, the stress of how we were going to pay the bills certainly makes that period one we don’t wish to repeat. Thankfully, we had paid off all our debt, but the mortgage, when we were both working good-paying jobs, and we had built up a little emergency pantry. While we were not working, we ate our way through all of that food.


In Venezuela, people wait in lines for hours just to get into grocery stores, only to find the shelves almost completely bare.

The other possible long-term scenarios are more remote, but not impossible. Venezuela, as we speak, is collapsing. Inflation is spiraling out of control and in Caracas, hungry people have already eaten all the animals in the zoo. Cats, dogs, and pigeons aren’t safe roaming the streets in any major city. Yet Venezuela is sitting atop a wealth of oil; everyone should be living like Saudi princes. Instead, their government was taken over by socialists, then the socialists started taking over people’s businesses and expected them to work all day for a loss. People wouldn’t work for free (much less pay to work), so things like dairy farms began to shut down until now you can’t even find toilet paper and aspirin, much less really crucial things like food and medicine. History is littered with failed states, including democracies and republics; we’re not immune from a government-induced social or economic collapse. And as the Japanese demonstrated at Pearl Harbor in 1941, we’re not immune from military attack, either.



“Food for five years, a thousand gallons of gas, air filtration, water filtration, Geiger counter. Bomb shelter! Underground… God damn monsters.”

I hope I haven’t depressed you too much, but I hope I have also made it clear that it’s important for you to have some sort of immediate safety net that will allow you to survive hard times. “Survival” doesn’t mean eating rats on a deserted island somewhere in the Pacific or preparing for the zombie apocalypse (or an infestation of graboids); it means being ready for the next cash shortfall or power outage.

In following posts, I’ll cover what you need to know and have to survive each type of survival scenario and how I got all the information I wanted organized on OneNote.



My Plan for Leveling Up in 2017

As I mentioned last month, I prefer to think of getting older as “leveling up;” it just sounds better. Of course, you will level up every year regardless, but I think that you’ll feel better about it if you can look back and see that you’ve actually accomplished some things.

I’ve been putting some thought into what I want to accomplish, since I just leveled up myself. Here are my goals between now and next October:

Strength: I’m way out of shape. I’m also finding myself stiff after long car rides (even after just a 45 minute commute) and first thing in the morning. Let’s face it; that’s only going to get worse as I get older. I need to at least pay some lip service to exercise (especially as I’m one of those odd people who loses weight with even small amounts of exercise but gives it up very grudgingly–or not at all–with diet). My goal is to do one physical activity per day–be that taking the stairs at work, gardening on the weekends, cleaning house, etc.

Constitution (Endurance): What requires more endurance than unpacking, organizing, and cleaning? We moved into our house in January and we still have some things in boxes, and have only put up about half of our pictures and none of our curtains. (You can tell someone lives out in the boonies if they don’t put up curtains first thing.) My husband does a lot of the basic housekeeping, but I’m the organizer and decorator and the doer of the hard-to-reach stuff. So my goal is to spend 1-2 hours every week working on improving the house and garage. This means getting everything unpacked and put where it needs to go, getting the necessary furniture installed, decorating, and general organization. Once a room is established, then my main goal will be to tidy it up and give it a general cleaning.

Ideally, I will spend two hours in two zones each week; in a 5-weekend month, I would get the entire house done, so every room would get a tidy every month. In reality, I’ve already been working on this and it winds up being more like 1 hour a week (and that doesn’t count weekends when we go to reenactments). But I’ve gotten some boxes unpacked and two rooms are now completely box-free and the living room nearly is. So I won’t knock progress, even if it’s slow.

Dexterity: My husband and I had our first garden this summer (something we’ve been trying to get going for years!). Some parts of it were a bit sad (the eggplant that never did anything; the various plants the dog tore out–sometimes multiple times), but some weren’t bad (the cucumbers that took over our porch and our small harvest of tomatoes when no one else was getting any). What was most important is that we learned.

I’ve recently been studying up on permaculture (aka food forests, edible landscaping, plant guilds, edible forests, and probably half a dozen other names). I’ve already spent a lot of time this summer studying edible wild plants and identifying them in our yard, and permaculture sort of piggybacks on that.

Long story short, I want to start landscaping our yard with edible perennial (or self-seeding annual) plants. My goal for this year is to establish at least one “food island” (as I term it) in the yard. We will almost certainly have another straw bale garden for traditional annual vegetables, but I want to work towards a permanent installation that requires little maintenance on my part.

Intelligence: I’m going to publish Flames of Prague. (I actually received my proof a couple of weeks ago and the print book is good to go; I just need to do all the formatting for the ebook.)

Wisdom: A few years ago, I started to make myself a prayer book for use on my Kindle so that I could carry it with me and get in the habit of using it throughout the day. It’s still hanging out in my Dropbox, mostly completed. My goal is to finish it this year and get it on my Kindle. I also want to get in the habit of going to synagogue once a month. I used to go weekly, but I’ve just gotten lazy (and I let other things compete for my time). Once a month doesn’t seem like too much to ask.

Charisma: I’ve been sick for the past couple of weeks, so I’ve let my daily Spanish study slip, but I’m going to get get back on that today. My goal for the year is to get all the way through the Duolingo Spanish tree.

So, there you have it: my leveling up goals for my 37th year. Some I need to work on daily, some weekly, some monthly, and some are a one-time project that I can do and be done. So a good mix of things to keep me busy, but hopefully not overwhelmed.

Even if your birthday isn’t any time soon, you can still take the leveling up challenge starting next year (and if you want to get a head-start, I won’t tell anyone!). Be thinking about what things you want to accomplish in 2017 and greet your next birthday knowing that you may be a year older, but you’re also a year wiser, stronger, and more well-rounded. Level Up!

Almost Done . . .

final-cover-v3-for-ebookI finally got off my ass and uploaded The Flames of Prague and its cover to CreateSpace. Now I have to wait for their review. If they don’t see any obvious issues (like page numbering or margin issues–both of which I had to wrestle with before I submitted it), then I can order a proof copy.

Fingers crossed that the proof copy will look good. I’ve already had one that was almost perfect, so there wasn’t a lot of tweaking that was needed. If it looks good, the paper copy will go on sale immediately. Meanwhile, I’m going to start the process of stripping all the formatting out to turn it into an ebook.

I hope to have all formats published by next month.

Chasing Nonconformity: A Review

I recently discovered that Michelle Proulx had released the sequel to her first self-published novel, Imminent Danger and How to Fly Straight into It. (It released last year. I confess that not only have I been neglecting my own blog, but I’ve been neglecting fellow writers’ blogs as well.) It just so happens that I re-read Imminent Danger last week, so it was the perfect time to download Chasing Nonconformity and spend my Sunday reading it (instead of cleaning the kitchen).

What you need to know: Young adult science fiction romance series. Firefly-esque. Intended audience: Teen girls up to nerdy adult women. (I.e. Fan girls of all ages.)

First off, I love the title. Titles are surprisingly hard to come up with sometimes. I had the first draft of Acceptance pretty well written before I came up with the title. And I finally decided on the title of the second book just last week (Between Two Worlds). So I appreciate a good title. And “Chasing Nonconformity” can do double duty as the name of a documentary about goth kids, which amuses me.

51yxpaaxbtl0I also have to brag on Michelle’s covers, which are great science fiction covers. I liked the original Imminent Danger cover just fine, but the new cover—and the matching sequel cover—just look super professional. And that’s good, because her books are very professionally done.

There is still a lot of stigma attached to self-published authors; I’ve even heard other self-published authors admitting that they don’t read much self-published stuff. Given some of the crap I’ve seen professional published lately—complete with bad proofreading/typos—people shouldn’t automatically dismiss self-published material.

If you’ve been reluctant to read self-published material, then I recommend you try Michelle’s books because they’re very clean; you will never know that you’re reading something self-published.

I have noticed that a lot of times sequels are sloppy compared to the first book or two. My theory is that an author sweats and labors over their first book for years, and maybe even has part or all of the second written before they finally get their first book published. Then publishers want the subsequent books on schedule. It used to be that there was a year between books, but now it’s about 6 months, on average. Yes, you can technically churn out a book in 6 months, but you can’t do that most crucial step, which is stick it in a drawer for a few months and forget about it. Then you take it out again and start editing. This allows you to look at your book with fresh eyes—more like a reader will see it—and it allows you to say, “You know, that seemed like a good idea at the time, but now I see that it doesn’t work.”

When you’re cranking out a book ever 6 months, you don’t have mellowing time and it shows. (The third installment of The Hunger Games, in my opinion, suffered from “rush to the presses” syndrome, as did the final Twilight book.) The nice thing about being a self-published author is that you can take your time to turn out good material. (If you’re not writing for money—and, at this point, most of us are not—then you should at least turn out something that makes you proud, even if it never makes you rich.) Michelle’s sequel doesn’t disappoint on that account; it is very well-crafted and I didn’t find myself questioning her choices.

Michelle really does science fiction well. I am not a physicist, but I’ve had enough science classes (thank you Philosophy of Star Trek 101) to have a basic grounding in the principles. And so far, I haven’t noticed that she gets anything wrong when it comes to inertia in zero-gravity environments, sound in space, etc. But, even better, she’s really good at inventing aliens and alien worlds and describing them in Technicolor. It’s amazingly hard to invent something out of whole cloth. Mouthless aliens that speak by blinking out musical sounds? Fabulous! And my favorite is Miguri’s mood-hair. You can always tell how he’s feeling based on his hair. Agitated, it spikes up; depressed, it droops.

Michells also does a really great job of having a wide variety of characters and keeping them true to character. Her inept peaceniks are always inept in laughable, loveable ways. Characters with odd or unique speech patterns maintain them throughout. She’s also really good at keeping some characters’ status of good or bad questionable. Varrin was a great anti-hero in the first book because we never knew when he would sell everyone for medical experiments; he, more than the plot, was the source of the suspense. In the second book, Fino’jin becomes the questionable one. In the first book, I liked him like you would like a Klingon, but in the second book, he seems less honor-driven and more revenge-driven. His real moral status is still questionable.

Although only a few days separate the first book from the second book, there is a notable shift in Eris’s character; she seems much more mature. I think this is not because she’s supposed to have grown so much, but rather because Michelle herself has changed over the time it’s taken her to write the sequel. I have noticed this in my own writing, especially when I’m writing characters who are similar to me or are actually based on me. As you personally learn and change, it’s hard (maybe even impossible) to keep your characters from reflecting that. The drawback is that it makes it feel like more time has passed between books than was supposed to have happened. (The best way around it that I’ve found is to move the sequel out just a little bit in time and do a flashback if necessary to fill in the gap. I think that hides some of the change by making it feel like a bigger amount of time has passed.)

But, despite that, I really like the person Eris has become. In the first book, her only weapons were her sarcasm/wit and optimism. Those can both be helpful in a tough situation, but they’re not a substitute for having a good blaster at your side. Which is why Eris spends so much time in the first book getting passed around like a bottle of cheap hooch at a frat party.

Not so in the second book. Maybe Varrin’s started to rub off on her, or maybe losing her gun virginity by killing someone at the end of the first book did it, but in the second book Erin is much more in control. She still has people trying to abduct her—and in some cases she bumbles right into it—but she’s stopped passively accepting her abduction and she fights back. It’s like we get to watch her transformation into a space pirate—a moral space pirate, but a space pirate nonetheless.

The only complaint I really have is that it seemed short. I’m not one of those people who reads a few books a week, but I did read all of this in one day. Of course, it’s a testament to its ability to captivate that I wanted to read it all in one sitting, but I would have rather it have been too long for me to have possibly done that. But, at the same time, I really can’t point to any part of the book and say, “There should have been more about X in there” or “this needed to be expanded and explained better.”

I suppose the only place to have made it longer would have been at the end. The end is satisfying enough, but I think it would have been a bit better if it would have ended with 1) a newly assembled crew and 2) a destination for the next adventure–just like the first book did. I mean, we more or less know who the new crew is, but I would have liked to have seen it assembled and everyone in agreement on what they’re doing/where they’re going next. There was no cliffhanger for the main characters, which left it feeling like it was already wrapped up. There was a set up for the third book in the Epilogue, but it only featured a secondary character. I would have like to have seen a setup for the next book with the main characters, then introduce the secondary character as the villain who is going to thwart their newly-laid plans.

But, that’s actually a fairly minor quibble; like I said, the ending wasn’t bad, it just could have been tied up into a bit neater of a bow. I’m still eager to read the third book. All I can say is it better involve a showdown on Rakor, preferably with Eris poised to be a virgin sacrifice to the sun god. Or maybe with her as a knocked-up sacrifice to the sun god. Imagine the shame to the Emperor if his next heir was half-human.

So, five stars. Get a copy. Read it. Badger Michelle for the next one. It’s been a year already!


Medieval Monday: SCA 50 Year

Back in June, my husband and I went to a week-long event celebrating the 50th anniversary of the SCA. I’ve been meaning to get the pictures off the camera for months, and I’ve finally done it. So enjoy!


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Our tent is a 14′ x 14′ center-pole canvas marquee with a 7′ x 14′ porch from Panther Primitives. Normally we put the walls up pretty early in the set up process, but it was pretty hot, so we left the walls off while we worked to get some air.

The first thing that goes down is our tarps. We have one dedicated floor tarp that’s pretty heavy, but when we’re camping out for a week, I’ll take the cheap tarp that we use to cover the back of the truck and put that under the heavier tarp. We have twice had water run under our (cheap) tarp and seep up through the middle of the floor and it was pretty miserable because there was no way to dry out the inside of the tent and few places where you could stand to get dressed without getting your feet wet. That was what prompted us to quit being cheap and buy a heavier-duty tarp. But I’m still paranoid, so if I have a spare tarp, I’ll double-up. (Especially as they were calling for heavy weather in the middle of the week.)

On top of the tarp go our rugs. Because of course you have to have wall-to-wall carpeting. Those are thrift store, flea market, and yard sale fines. If we see a good deal on a rug, we’ll buy it because if we don’t need it now, we will in the future. The rugs can take being wet if we hang them up when we get home, but we have had problems in the past with mice in our barn and a few of the rugs are rough around the edges where they have built nests in them.

My husband made our bed. It’s full size. The headboard and footboard are exactly alike, so it doesn’t matter which you use. There are two identical side rails that fit through slots on the headboard and footboard and pin into place. There are narrow rails on the inside of the side rails and we put wooden slats on top of these. Then the mattress (a real mattress, not an air mattress!) goes on top of the slats.

The bed is tall enough that a standard-sized plastic tote can fit under it and be hidden by the bedskirt. We pack most of our clothes, housewares, and foot in plastic totes and some of those things live in the totes under the bed. The nice thing about the plastic totes is that they are relatively waterproof. This is an important consideration when they’re in the back of a truck, but it’s can be just as important inside the tent. This past Gulf Wars, we had what is now known “affectionately” as “Gulfnado.” Some people claim to have seen rotation above part of the campground. But others say that there were only two supercells that combined and hit us. Regardless of whether it was a tornado trying to form on top of us or only straight-line winds, everyone is in agreement that winds were coming in gusts of up to 60 mph and hit in opposite directions. Tents and sunshades went down all over the site and many people’s things got wet. After we lost our big communal tent (where everyone in camp was just sitting down to dinner), I rode out the rest of the storm in this marquee. (It and our wall tent were the only ones in our camp to survive unscathed and dry.) While I was in there, I hurriedly packed as much of our stuff as possible into the plastic totes to keep it dry in case we lost the tent.

A lot of times I will cover our cooler with a spare blanket just so it’s not so obvious (and we’ll know where the blanket is if it suddenly turns cold; the weather is vary variable in Mississippi in March). I could probably make some sort of curtain to cover up the shelves of food, but I haven’t bothered yet. We’re the only ones in our tent, so we look for a balance between a medieval feel and convenience. (We also have to balance how much crap we (read: I) have to pack and set-up).

I bought the shelves from my Laurel; she and her sister designed them. They’re cotton strapping that’s been sewed into loops and they have grommets at the top that allow them to slip over the pin on our interior poles. There are a couple of small straps on both of them that you use to tie them to the poles. Then you slip the boards into the straps and level them. They self-level pretty well and they move with the poles. Despite those 60 mph winds, I don’t think anything fell off our shelves.

My husband blacksmithed the clothes rack. The metal brackets screw into the poles (although we’ve talked about him redesigning them so that they have holes in the top that allow them to slip over the pins like our shelves do) and we put a pole across it. There’s also a board that sits on top, but isn’t self-leveling and it’s so close to the top that the wind can snap the top and knock stuff off of it. So we only put hats on top; they won’t be hurt if they fall off.

We also have some blacksmithed hooks that hang off our pole pins; they’re scattered around the tent. We use them for hanging up wet towels, a mirror, umbrellas–whatever we need.

Normally the table (which is under the porch in this set up) is in one corner of the tent and I used it as a dressing table. I keep a mirror and my hairbox on it. When we go to Gulf Wars, we have a huge communal tent that we use as a kitchen and dining room for all the people in our camp. But at this event, we were on our own, which meant we had to do our own cooking. So the dressing table became a washing up and prep table and my husband’s bedside table became a propane stove table.

We also normally don’t use our porch (it’s so much nicer to sit in the big tent and be social). In fact, this was only the second time we’ve set it up. It needs some modification because it’s just too low to stand under. We need to add a center pole to lift it up and give ourselves some more headroom. But it was so hot at that event, it was nice to have it to sit under while we ate dinner; it was cooler than trying to sit inside or having to sit in the sun.

Around Site

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I didn’t get any pictures of the rest of the camping area, but my husband snapped a few pictures of the main thoroughfare on his camera. (This being Indiana, everything was very flat, so it’s not like there was a place to go to take a picture that would give you some sense of the scale of the event.)

The Great Machine

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The greatest display at the event was the Great Machine. It is meant to be a scaled-down model of a medieval blacksmith shop that runs on water power. (There’s a great episode in Connections 1 that covers medieval water-powered machines.) Of course a moving exhibit can’t run on water power, so the owner has modified the design to run on dog power. (In a medieval shop, the wheel would have been on the outside of the building, just like a mill. But the principal and mechanics are all the same.)

The dogs turn the big wheel and it spins a wheel in a gear assembly. But it’s not until a foot pedal or hand lever is used that the gear assembly fully engages and the power of the wheel is transferred to either the hammer or the bellows. (This means the big wheel can spin continuously–as it would if it was water powered–but the equipment isn’t constantly in motion.)

The hammer is on a somewhat egg-shaped gear that has a notch cut in it. As the gear turns, it causes the hammer to rise until it hits the notch and it drops. There are some bowed pieces of wood above the hammer–like a car’s leaf springs turned upside down–that work like a spring. The hammer is pulled up against them, then when the notch drops it, they force it down even harder.

Sutton Hoo Burial

Another great display was the Sutton Hoo burial.

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Duke Talymar has spent years (and God only knows how much money) replicating the grave goods from the Sutton Hoo burial. He has made some of the items himself, some (like the pots and buckets) he was able to pick up at flea markets, antique stores, and online auctions. A lot of the stuff he has commissioned artists in the SCA to make for him.

The attention to detail is fabulous. He really has a museum-quality display. Everything that he’s had made is either exactly the same scale of the surviving pieces or it’s within millimeters of being the same size. He just happens to be about the same size as the king for whom all this stuff was made, so he is able to wear all of it.

I studied the Sutton Hoo burial in 8th grade, but either I’ve forgotten most of what I learned, or it wasn’t this detailed. The original red and blue rug hanging up on the wall was imported from very far away, and many of the other grave goods came from far away, both attesting to the wealth of the man who owned them and the trade routes that existed at the time. Trade obviously didn’t stop just because the Roman Empire had ceased to exist.

In a few cases, Duke Talymar had to cut corners. The jeweled pieces in his display are red enamel whereas the original pieces contained rubies. But where he could, he used gold or silver that was electroplated with gold.

He had a mannequin in his display, but it’s not known if there was ever an actual body in the burial. It may be that the body was cremated near the grave.

Block Printing and Stenciling Class

There were two classes at the event that I didn’t get to take (they were full), but I was able to get pictures from them. One was how to use stencils to paint designs on clothing and the other was how to do block printing. (Block printing is period; stencils do a perfectly fine job of replicating block printing, but are a bit easier to do.) The instructor had a lot of her own examples on display.

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Many people in the class were using stencils they bought (I noticed just the other day that Hobby Lobby had some medieval-looking ones), but the instructor also showed people how to make their own stencils using plastic sheets, like you use on an overhead projector. (I believe you can also get stencil plastic, which would be a bit sturdier and last longer.)

For the wood block printing, a few people brought their own (I got one at the Nashville flea market, but you can find them online at places like eBay; they still do a lot of block printing of textiles in India), but most people made their own. They just cut their desired shapes from thin craft foam and glued it onto a scrap of 2×4. Boom, instant “rubber” stamp.

In both cases they painted with undiluted latex house paint. The teacher absolutely swore by it; she said it never came out. Some of her dresses on display were more than a decade old, had been worn and machine-washed many times, and had not been retouched. Of course, the drawback to that is if you make a mistake, you probably aren’t going to be able to get it out, so make sure you have some paint on hand that matches the color of your fabric; you may have to paint over a mistake.

50 Year Display

There was a display in one of the big halls that showed the evolution of the SCA. Each kingdom had a booth in which they displayed the history and best artistic achievements of their kingdom. If you proceeded around the hall counter-clockwise, you moved through the kingdoms as they formed, with the oldest first and the newest last. There was also a large embroidery done Bayeux Tapestry style that documented some of the more notable events in the history of the SCA. And there was a display showing the evolution of armor. Several booths had recorded music from their best musicians, video interviews with residents or people recounting the formation of their kingdom, or archival footage of old events and fighter practices.

There was no way to get a picture of everything, but I managed to get pictures of the most impressive displays.

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Cooking Demo

My husband got to hang out with some of the folks doing open-fire cooking and they swapped info and compared equipment.

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I am going to try to make it a point to take more pictures when we go to events to document what we do. The SCA is not public, like a Renaissance Faire; we do not perform for other people or for money. Even other non-profit historical reenactment organizations tend to be a bit more public than us–after all, it’s kind of hard to hide a few thousand Civil War reenactors shooting at one another. We’re a bit more in the shadows, despite being a very large organization. And a lot of people are dismissive of what we do as “playing dress up.” But a lot of good research on the middle ages has either been done by reenactors or has been driven by reenactors.

For example, what we know about armor has grown by leaps and bounds because reenactors put on replica armor and started to use it as it was intended. That was when it was discovered that museums had put straps in the wrong place or pieces were upside down. (Surviving medieval armor tends to be found sans the leather and canvas that held it together–it’s just a pile of metal pieces–so it can be hard to figure out what went where.) Also, reenactors snap up any sort of research on the middle ages; there are people who have gotten their PhD’s published simply because there’s an actual market for their research on 14th century clothing in English or wooden boxes of the Norsemen or whatever other obscure thing you can think of. You wouldn’t believe the ecstasy everyone was in over the finding of 15th century underwear a few years ago. People were on it with high power cameras and rulers like ducks on June bugs. Then everyone ran off and started to experiment with fit and then started to publish material.

So I will try to share more pictures in the future to raise awareness (if you will) about what reenactors do. I can talk from personal experience about the SCA and, to a much lesser extent, Rev War/18th century reenacting, but there historical reenactors from all different eras. You can reenact the WWII Invasion of Europe, or attend a Jane Austin-themed Regency ball. The two things everyone has in common is 1) we love history and 2) we want to be a part of it.

Leveling Up in Real Life


In case you need this, it’s a T-shirt! Click pic for link.

Someone posted on Facebook recently that we shouldn’t call a birthday “another year older” but rather call it “leveling up.” “Reaching level 50” sounds much better than “turning 50 years old.”

America is still a relatively young nation and is obsessed with youth. Youth is seen as innovative and dynamic, whereas older people are stuck in the past and inflexible. But in other cultures, age is revered. Like wine, you are supposed to get better with age.

It seemed like a good idea at the time . . .

It seemed like a good idea at the time . . .

And, if we really think about it, most of us will acknowledge this as true. When we look back at things we did as teens or twenty-somethings, we cringe. If we could go back in time, we’d go back with all our knowledge and make better life decisions. That’s because back then we may have been healthy and good-looking and full of energy, but we were dumb as a box of rocks because we didn’t have any real life experience. Mistakes, tragedies, and the occasional triumph have taught us a lot since then.

What if instead of lamenting getting another year older (I have a birthday coming up, so this has been on my mind!) we really do look at it as leveling up, like in video game?


Ask me about the time a co-worker’s 50th birthday cake caught on fire during an office party . . .

Of course, birthdays come around regardless. You might have accomplished nothing–maybe you’re even worse off than the year before–but you still add another candle to the cake. But no one wants to be the same old person they were the previous year; no one wants to get to the end of their life and see, when they look back, that they haven’t improved themselves at all since leaving school.

So, what can you do to make sure that when the next birthday rolls around, you’re better than you were the year before? How about borrowing a page from D&D and other RPG games and work on gaining “experience” in the following categories:



This is a good category for fitness. Everyone either wants to get a little more physically fit or wants to maintain their current fitness level. I doubt there’s anyone who says, “No, really, I’m happiest when I wheeze walking across the parking lot.” Figure out what you most want to accomplish (make sure it’s realistic!) and make it a point to train to reach that new level.

For instance, if you are really out of shape and overweight, your goal may be as simple as “walk up the stairs without wheezing.” If you practice it regularly, you will soon find that you can do it (and probably more besides). Then, when your birthday rolls around, you can look back and say, “A year ago, I couldn’t even do stairs. Now, I can walk up and down them without a problem.” Or maybe you’re recovering from an accident or surgery and your goal is to regain flexibility. Or maybe some part doesn’t work well (or at all) and your goal is to do physical therapy or strength training so you can be more independent.

Remember . . .


Sometimes life hits us hard and wounds us–to the point that we “lose” some of our experience points. Maybe you were an Ironman athlete, then an accident crippled you and you can no longer do it. Maybe you had a successful business, but a divorce and an economic downturn left you bankrupt.

If you think about life as one big quest, you have to realize that sometimes you are going to fight some huge monster or get stuck in some trap and lose. And it will hurt. But you always have the ability to build back up from where you are right now. Instead of giving up the game, salvage the situation and try to regain your lost ground.

Constitution (aka Endurance)


This is where I would put things that take a lot of willpower, but not necessarily a lot of physical ability. For instance, dieting/healthy eating. Having a kid and successfully getting it through another year of life (despite its seemingly repeated attempts to kill itself or you) is endurance. Keeping a clean house or decluttering both require endurance, as does getting (and staying) organized. Even making it a point to be on time when you normally run late is a level up in the constitution category. And don’t forget novel writing!

  • Chore Wars – Have your housemates (or even co-workers) compete against one another to gain experience points and gold or treasures (which you can allow them to cash in on real-life rewards) by doing chores (or anything else that you dread doing).
  • Clear Your Clutter with Feng Shui – Still my favorite book for clutter-clearing and organizing motivation.
  • Scott H. Young – He’s all about focus, willpower, and leveling up. Be inspired!



This is a category for things that require work with your hands or creativity. Maybe you’ve always wanted to learn to play the piano or pick back up an instrument that you played long ago. Or maybe you’ve been meaning to spend more time on your carpentry or painting. Or it can be something a little more simple: you want to redecorate or even remodel your house this year. Or you can take cooking classes, pick up knitting, etc. Learning to dance also requires dexterity.


This is all about knowledge. If you’re in school, you are automatically leveling up in this category, but then you graduate and it’s like it’s the end of the game.


Except it’s not. You spend 18-22 years learning how to be a functional adult, but after that you still have 50+ years to live! Don’t let your mind atrophy! Studies have shown that working puzzles and learning languages and other things that exercise the mind lower your risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s. It’s as important to give your brain a workout as it is your body.

If you wish you were more up-to-date on what’s happening in the world, make it a point to read newspapers or the online news. If you think your career would be aided by learning a programming language, find some courses online and work on it. Or go back to school for your degree (or another one or a more advanced one). Make it a point to read more or listen to books on tape so you at least have something to talk about at a dinner party. Enter competitions like spelling bees, geography quizzes, or maybe even tryout for Jeopardy! Even if you don’t win the competition, the study and practice you have to do just to compete is a win for you personally.

Lynda – This is a subscription service for video classes, but if you are committed to learning a lot in a short period of time, you can almost certainly get your money’s worth out of it. We have a subscription at work and I have used it to learn new software products and have even taken a few classes on work organization, leadership, and public speaking. Someone I worked with used it to learn better photography skills.

  • Coursera – Free classes by top colleges.
  • EdX – Same concept as Coursera.
  • LibriVox – Free audiobooks (Mostly older books that are out of copyright.)

Wisdom (aka Intuition)

In RPGs, this is where you track your ability to do magic, repel magic, or sense things like booby-traps or whether or not someone is lying. In real (Muggle) life, this is a category for all your inner stuff and spirituality.

If, for instance, you are in a bad relationship, make it your goal to get out of it! Or, if you look back and see that you have had a string of bad relationships because you keep winding up with the same kind of person over and over again, take the time to be introspective. Why do you keep falling for that kind of person? Does it stem from a childhood trauma? Is it because your self-esteem is low? Is it because you feel a need to save every wayward person? Work on getting your emotional/inner house in order.

indexAlternatively, if you are spiritual or religious, you may set yourself a goal of praying daily, keeping a thankfulness journal (or any other kind of journal where you work through your feelings and can analyze how you view yourself and others), going to religious services, etc.


This is all about interactions with other people. If you’re an introvert, this will be a challenging quest. But even introverts need human contact. If you are lonely and feel that you have few (if any) friends, make it a point to join some sort of social club, gaming night, etc. Or maybe you’ve been busy and need to put your friends on your calendar so you can stay connected. Or maybe you want to become a manager or leader, but you find yourself feeling a bit awkward around others or people have complained that you don’t handle work relationships well. Find some classes to help you be a better speaker, learn leadership skills, or even just learn the art of interviewing well and giving a good handshake.

mosaic7This category can also include things that really put you out in front of people, like modeling or acting, leading or volunteering in a social organization or charity, teaching, and even running for office or campaigning on someone’s behalf! And don’t forget learning languages; the more ways you have to communicate with others, the more you will be leveling up your charisma. Oh, and travel also requires charisma, since you are out of your normal element and have to interact with all sorts of new people in new circumstances.

  • Fluent in 3 Months – Intensive language learning. (This is what encouraged me to give learning languages another try.)
  • Duolingo – This is what I’m using to learn Spanish.
  • Memrise – A smart flashcard website that has a lot of languages, but they also cover other topics.
  • Toastmasters – Costs to join, but many people swear by it. Helps you with public speaking, selling, and social and business interactions.
  • Nomadic Matt – Advice on traveling cheaply and long-term.


Some things will overlap categories. While learning a language is mostly charisma (especially if you make it a point to speak to others in your target language), it’s also intelligence. Dancing is a lot of dexterity and creativity, but also strength. When things overlap, either put your goal into the category it most closely matches, or put extra effort into it and let it fulfill two categories at once.

Level Up!

63166726As I mentioned, I’m less than a month away from my birthday. And as I see (and feel) my youth slipping away, I find myself wondering what I’ve done and what I’m going to do. The last thing I want is for one year to be like the year before, and like the year before that, until I realize I’m just piddling around, wasting time, waiting for death to arrive. Whether you believe in an afterlife or not, one thing everyone agrees on is that one you’re dead, you won’t improve. Heaven, hell, or non-existence: in any scenario, you only have what you came in with.

groundhog-day-drivingEven if you believe in reincarnation, you enter the next life with only the spiritual progress you’ve made in this one; if you make no strides at improvement, you will essentially just repeat your life over and over again. How boring!

So, if you have a birthday coming up (or just recently passed one), consider making yourself a “character sheet” and decide on what things you want to improve about yourself over the course of the next year. (Or just set goals for 2017 and allow yourself a little head start.)

Constitution (Endurance)

Wisdom (Intuition/Spirituality)

Don’t make the goals impossible. Losing 100 pounds in a year is probably not going to happen. If you’re really out of shape, running a marathon next year is also probably not going to happen. Set goals that you know you really could do if you just set your mind to it. For instance, I know I couldn’t be native-fluent in Spanish in a year, but I could certainly finish the Spanish tree on Duolingo in a year.

Remember when you’re setting your goals that you won’t really have a year to accomplish X because you have to also spend time on the other categories. (You don’t want to be a caveman with incredible strength and no intelligence. Or a know-it-all with absolutely no people skills. It’s okay to be better at somethings than other things, but to be a socially-acceptable and well-adjusted human being who is tolerated and not mocked by others, you have to work on everything at least a little bit.) Just like being in school and taking six classes, you are going to have to find a balance between your categories. Maybe you will try to work on a little bit on everything every day. (Some things, like exercise and journaling, certainly work better if you do them frequently.) Or maybe you will do one or two things at a time in big chunks of time. (Travel, performing a play, or completing a craft project are all things that tend to be a do-them-and-be-done challenge.) Whatever works best for you and your type of goals, spend at least a portion of your year working on each one.

And don’t be afraid to change your goal mid-stream. Like I said, life sometimes hits you and you find your goal is no longer attainable. (Or maybe you’ve just realized that you’ve set a goal that’s unrealistic or it’s really not something you wanted to pursue in the first place.) So just change goals. That’s always better than just giving up entirely and not even trying. At least then, when you get to the end of your year, you can look back and say, “Things were pretty bad, but I managed and I’m better off than I was when things were at their worst.”

file4991280736472Judaism teaches that life is like a spiral staircase: you appear to be going in a circle–seasons come and go and your birthday and holidays come around, pass, then come around again–but in reality you are moving up (or down!) a spiral. Every time a holiday comes around again, or you read the same passage in the Bible that you read last year, you’re supposed to see it in a different light because you are supposed to have changed over the last year. Of course, when you take stock of the past year, you will hopefully see that you have moved forward in a positive way! No one wants to go down the spiral.

I’m going to spend a little time thinking about what I want to accomplish and I’ll do a follow-up post once I’ve decided. Feel free to discuss your own goals in the comments.